تغییر زمان جمله در هنگام نقل قول

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وقتی می خوایم از یه نفر نقل قول کنیم، اگر فعل نقل قول گذشته باشه، مثلا said یا told، باید زمان جمله رو عقب تر ببریم.

ویدیو رو ببینید تا بیشتر یاد بگیریم. این ویدیو برای سطح B1 مناسبه.

When reporting, if the reporting verb is in the past, for example ‘said ‘or ‘told’, we have to move the tense one tense back. Let’s watch to learn more. B1 students will find this video useful.

متن ویدیو پیرامون زمان نقل قول را با هم مرور میکنیم

A: Oh my God.
B: What did she day?
A: She said there had been a terrorist attack.
B: There had been? Why did you use that tense?
A: You know, yeah that’s what you need to focus on right now. But you see, she actually said: “There was a terrorist attack,” which is past simple. When I want to give the message to you, I have to move it one tense back, which is past perfect. That’s why I said there had been a terrorist attack.
B: Wow! Why? and where?

 

 تو این ویدیو پیرامون زمان نقل قول ، تغییرات زمان بدین صورت می باشد

Time Conversions in Reported Speech
تغییرات زمانی نقل قول

Present simpletoPast simple
Present continuoustoPast continuous
Past simpletoPast perfect
Present perfectto Past perfect
Past perfectto Past perfect

 

 

 

 

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